Mental health issues plague millions of people across the world from varying age and demographic ranges.
Some of the most common types of mental disorders that people across the globe struggle with include depression, anxiety, Bipolar Disorder, PTSD, eating disorders, schizophrenia, and personality disorders.
- Bipolar Disorder
- Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
- Anxiety Disorders
- Personality Disorders
Depression is one of the most common mental health conditions.
There are many types of depression that one might suffer from ranging from short-term disorders related to a condition to long-term and chronic forms of depression.
Some of the most common depression conditions people face include:
Major Depressive Disorder
The major depressive disorder is characterized as a mood disorder that causes long-lasting symptoms including low energy, lack of interest, loss of appetite, and an overwhelming feeling of sadness that doesn’t go away.
- MDD is one of the leading causes of disability for the age range 15 to 44.
- It can develop at any age with a median range of 32 years.
- The major depressive disorder can lead to a higher incidence rate of health conditions including heart attack.
MDD Prevalence in Adolescents
- 12.8% of the adolescent population in the United States aged 12 to 17 have experienced at least one episode of major depressive disorder in their life.
- 19.4% of adolescent females had a major depressive episode with 6.4% of adolescent males experiencing the condition.
- The highest rates of MDD were among teens who reported being two or more races at a percentage of 13.8%.
MDD Prevalence in Adults
- The disorder affects 16.1 million adults in the U.S. with 6.7% of the adult population suffering from it in any given year.
- It is more prevalent in adult women than men with rates of 8.5% and 4.8% respectively.
- The highest rate for the disorder was among adults 18 to 25-years-old at 10.9%.
- Adults that reported being two races had the highest incidence rate at 10.5%
Persistent Depressive Disorder
The persistent depressive disorder is another chronic form of depression that has less severe symptoms than major depressive disorder but occurs for long periods of time at least 2 years or more.
It is also referred to as dysthymia and includes low energy and feelings of deep sadness and hopelessness.
- 1.5% of adults are affected by PDD in a given year.
- 1.3% of adults will experience the condition at least once in their lifetime.
- The incidence of this disorder is slightly higher in females with rates of 1.9% for females and 1.0% for males.
- 49.7% of sufferers experienced severe impairment, 32.1% had a moderate impairment, and 18.2% had mild impairment.
Postpartum depression is often referred to as the baby blues and presents with symptoms such as sadness, fatigue, and mood swings following a pregnancy.
This condition is caused by a variety of factors such as hormonal changes that occur after birth, the pressure of having a newborn, and lack of sleep.
Though many mothers may experience these symptoms for one to two weeks after birth, if it continues for longer it can be a more serious condition that needs treatment.
- 10 to 15% of women will have a postpartum episode in the first three months after giving birth.
- 1 in 5 mothers will experience a mild form of postpartum in the first three months.
- 1 in 7 mothers will have symptoms throughout the first year after birth.
- 10% of fathers experience mild symptoms of the condition as well.
- Asian mothers experience postpartum depression more often with up to 65% of new mothers experiencing symptoms the first year.
- PPD also occurs in adoptive parents with 8% experiencing symptoms.
- Women who previously experienced postpartum have a 50% chance of experiencing it again.
- 50% of women who will have postpartum will have experienced symptoms towards the end of their pregnancy.
Bipolar disorder is also referred to as manic depression, is characterized by extremes in mood ranging from severe depression to manic episodes.
Bipolar disorder is considered a very serious illness because it can lead to risky behavior, severely interfere with daily life, and even result in suicidal tendencies
- The average age of the onset of symptoms is 25 though it can occur as early as childhood.
- 2.6% of the U.S. population has been diagnosed with the condition.
- 238,957 of Australians have bipolar.
- In the UK, 723,248 people have the diagnosis.
- Germany has 989,095 cases of the disorder.
- 390,094 Canadians suffer from bipolar symptoms.
- India and China estimate anywhere from 12 to 15 million of their citizens may struggle with the condition.
- 83% of bipolar cases are considered severe.
- ⅔ of those with bipolar have a close relative who had the condition or suffered from the major depressive disorder.
- While men and women suffer equally, women are three times more likely to cycle rapidly.
- 15% of those diagnosed will become rapid cyclers and end up with a poorer prognosis.
- 10-15% of those with the condition will commit suicide as a result of their illness.
- Approximately, 5-15% of these patients become rapid-cyclers with a poorer prognosis.
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
Though post-traumatic stress disorder is often thought to occur to those who served in the military, it can occur for anyone after they have experienced some kind of trauma.
Trauma is defined as an event where you felt like your life or someone else’s life was in danger.
General PTSD often occurs after a traumatic event such as sexual assault or abuse, an episode or violence, or surviving a natural disaster.
- 70% of adults will experience a traumatic event at least once in their life.
- 20% of those people will end up developing PTSD as a result.
- 8 million adults will suffer from PTSD each year.
- Women are more likely to experience PTSD than men with incidence rates of 10% and 4% respectively.
- Rape is a major trigger for PTSD with 65% of male victims and 46% of female victims eventually developing the disorder.
- 50% of all patients in outpatient mental health facilities suffer from PTSD.
- Incidence rates are higher for African Americans, Hispanics, and Native Americans when compared with Caucasians.
PTSD is a common mental health condition among those who served in combat as well as those who suffered harassment during their time in the military.
- 11-20% of all Operation Iraqi Freedom Veterans experienced PTSD.
- 12% of Gulf War veterans suffered from PTSD.
- Though 15% of Vietnam veterans suffered from PTSD, it is estimated that 30% have experienced it at least once in their lifetime.
- The overall lifetime occurrence of PTSD in combat veterans is 10-30%.
- Diagnosed cases jumped 50% in the past year.
- 1 in 5 military personnel returning from Iraq or Afghanistan suffers from PTSD.
- 20% of soldiers who were deployed in within 6 years will experience PTSD.
- 71% of female military personnel will suffer PTSD due to a sexual assault.
PTSD in Children
Children who experience trauma can suffer from PTSD and its symptoms throughout their life.
Such experiences as witnessing violence or suffering abuse or assault can leave a lasting effect on a child who has yet to develop proper coping mechanisms.
- 30% of girls and 25% of boys will experience a traumatic event in their life.
- 8-10% of girls and 2-5% of boys will develop PTSD as a result of their trauma.
- 30-60% of all children who survive a disaster will have PTSD.
- 33% of minors that have exposure to community violence will suffer from PTSD.
- 90% of children who are sexually abused will suffer from PTSD.
- 77% of children exposed to a school shooting will be diagnosed with PTSD.
- 35% of youth in an urban environment that witnesses community violence will suffer from PTSD.
Anxiety disorders encompass numerous conditions that typically result in feelings of nervousness, social issues, irritability, restlessness, tension, and sleep difficulties.
While small levels of anxiety are normal, especially when facing a high-stress situation such as a test, long-term anxiety or anxiety that affects your daily life are more likely to be the result of an anxiety disorder.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Generalized anxiety disorder, or GAD, is a condition that is marked by persistent or constant worry.
This worry can extend to everyday stressors such as health, work, school, or daily life.
- 3.1% of the adult population of the United States suffers from GAD.
- 2.2% of the adolescent population will suffer from the condition.
- Only 43% of those diagnosed will receive treatment.
- Women are twice as likely to develop the condition as men.
- GAD is often found in those with the major depressive disorder.
Panic disorder is an anxiety condition that has panic attacks as its primary symptom.
During a panic attack, the person suffering may feel like they are having a heartache and experience chest pains, breathing difficulties, and tremors.
- Panic attacks last 10 minutes on average.
- 6 million adults will suffer from panic disorder.
- 40% of those with panic disorder will also suffer from depression.
- 37% of those with the condition are aged 18-34, 60% are aged 35-60.
- 72% of those with the condition are female and 28% are male.
- 83% of those who suffer from PD will see a decline in their work quality, 67% will experience job loss or a reduction in income, 43% will miss work for at least a month.
- 20% of those with PD have tried to commit suicide.
Social Anxiety Disorder
Those who suffer from a social anxiety disorder will find themselves extremely nervous or uncomfortable in social settings and situations.
This often comes from a persistent fear of being judged or an uncomfortableness with social contact.
Those who suffer from this condition will likely begin to avoid any type of social situation and eventually become withdrawn.
- 6.8% of the United States population will suffer from SAD.
- Typical onset age of the disorder is 13.
- 36% of those suffering from the disorder will wait up to 10 years to finally seek out help.
- 66% of those with SAD will suffer from another mental disorder.
- 9.1% of adolescents will suffer from an anxiety disorder with 1.9% of those experiencing severe side effects.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
OCD, or obsessive-compulsive disorder, is a common condition that is long-lasting and is marked by recurring and uncontrollable thoughts paired with behaviors that will be done repeatedly.
Symptoms can include fear of germs, excessive hand washing, repeated behaviors and rituals, excessive cleaning, and striving for perfection.
- 1% of the U.S. population is affected by OCD.
- The average age when OCD starts is 19 through 25% of cases will begin by the age of 14.
- OCD is slightly higher in females at 1.8% with their male counterparts at 0.5%.
- The lifetime prevalence of OCD in adults is 2.3%.
- 50.6% of those with OCD will suffer severe impairment from their condition.
Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder that affects how a person thinks, acts, and feels.
Some of those who suffer from the condition may have a difficulty distinguishing the real from the imaginary, problems expressing emotions, or may be withdrawn and isolated.
- 6 to 12 million are diagnosed in China.
- 4.3 to 8.7 million people suffer from the condition in India.
- 2.2 million people will be diagnosed in the U.S.
- 285,000 have schizophrenia in Australia.
- There are over 280,000 cases in Canada.
- The U.K. has had over 250,000 people diagnosed with the condition.
- The condition is rare in children and usually has an onset age of 16-25.
- 4.9% of those who suffer from the condition will commit suicide.
- Those with schizophrenia have a higher mortality rate and face an average of 28 years off of their life.
Personality disorders are a group of illnesses that affect a person’s way of thinking often making them inflexible or unable to interact well in social settings.
Those who suffer from personality disorders will often suffer from poor social relationships with family, friends, and coworkers.
- 84% of personality disorders sufferers will also suffer from a secondary mental condition.
- 39% of people with personality disorders and 42% of those diagnosed with a borderline personality disorder will seek out treatment.
- 14.8% of Americans will meet the diagnostic criteria for at least one personality disorder.
- Both men and women are equally likely to suffer from a personality disorder.
- Personality disorders are likely to develop in childhood before the age of 14.
- Those who suffered from a head injury or brain infection are more likely to develop a personality disorder.
Eating disorders are illnesses that are marked by an over or under consumption of food, severe control of diet, extreme exercising, or unhealthy body image.
While many people view eating disorders as a lifestyle choice, they are actually severe mental illnesses that can result in social and devastating physical consequences if left untreated.
- 30 million people in the U.S. alone suffer from some form of eating disorder.
- Every hour someone who suffers from an eating disorder dies from the condition making eating disorders the highest mortality rate of any other mental illness.
- Women have a slightly higher prevalence than men with a rate of 5.5% for women and 4% for men.
- Transgender persons are more likely to have an eating disorder with 16% of all college-aged transgender individuals having some form of eating disorder.
Anorexia has the highest mortality rate of any mental disorder and is marked by extremely restrictive diets and rigorous exercise routines.
Those who suffer from anorexia may be trying to take control of their life and often suffer from a body image disorder that makes them appear larger to themselves than they really are.
They may suffer many more physical symptoms than other disorders due to extremely low weight and lack of nourishment.
- 0.9% of all American women will suffer from anorexia during their life.
- 1 in 5 of those who suffer from the disorder will commit suicide.
- The standardized mortality rate for anorexia is 5.86.
- The risk for anorexia is 50% higher when a close relative has struggled with the condition.
- 35-50% of those suffering from anorexia will also struggle with a mood disorder.
Bulimia is a condition that is marked by periods of binging, or overeating, followed by extreme behaviors to rid the body of the over-consumption of calories.
These purging behaviors can involve induced vomiting, extreme exercise, or use of large amounts of laxatives.
- 1.5% of women in America will have bouts of bulimia at some point in their lifetime.
- The standardized mortality rate for bulimia is 1.93.
- 50% of those with bulimia will have a mood disorder and more than 50% will have an anxiety disorder.
- 10% of those with bulimia will have a substances abuse disorder which is typically alcohol abuse.
Binge Eating Disorder
BInge-eating disorder involves periods of over-consumption of food in one sitting, typically to the point of becoming sick.
Unlike bulimia, this is not often combined with purging so those who suffer from it are likely to struggle with being overweight.
- 2.8% of all adults will suffer from binge-eating disorder throughout their life.
- Those who have close relatives who have struggled with BED are 50% more likely to experience it.
- 50% of those with the BED will have a mood or anxiety disorder.
- 10% of those with the BED will also struggle with some form of substance abuse.
- 25% of post-bariatric weight loss patients will develop binge eating disorder.
As the above statistics show, mental health disorders affect almost every gender, ethnicity, and socioeconomic background in society.
While some disorders respond well to short-term treatment, many will be lifelong disorders that a person may experience ups and downs with.
The first step to helping those with mental disorders across the globe is by understanding the conditions and how they statistically affect the population.